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Discussion Starter · #1 ·
I havent seen a mention of this any where but i may have missed it but i thought its something worth knowing if anyones unsure of procedures to follow in :)

During an emergency it is very important that you remain calm. Animals can sense your unease, but cannot understand what is happening and you cannot verbally tell them. Your body language is very important. Be calm, yet deliberate in your actions.
When you determine that you either have corrected the life-threatening problem, or are unable to stabilize the animal, you should transport to the nearest emergency veterinary hospital

Wounds Cuts and Grazes

  • Clean well with water
  • Dab gently with a pad of clean gauze, lint, cotton wool or paper towels soaked in tepid water
  • Pick out any large piece of grit and dirt from the wound
    If these are difficult to remove, wash the wound with running water under a tap or from the washer bottle.
  • Do not add household disinfectants or other antiseptic agents to the cleaning water. These may cause skin reactions
  • Do not be too vigorous in cleaning, as this may cause further damage
  • Apply a dressing
  • Do not allow the dog to lick the area


  • Gently pull out the bee sting with a pair of tweezers trying to avoid squeezing the poison sac and 'injecting' any further toxin
  • Clean the area thoroughly, with copious water or a bicarbonate solution of one level teaspoon of bicarbonate of soda in a tumbler full of tepid water
  • Apply a soothing cream from the First Aid Kit
  • If the dog is stung in the throat or reacts severely, contact the vet

Heat Exhaustion

  • Dog will be panting and very distressed
  • Remove the dog from the hot surroundings
  • Lower the dog's body temperature
  • Cover with wet sheets
  • Place in a tepid bath, gradually cooling the water
  • Place near a fan, taking care no electrical danger
  • Gradually reduce the core temperature
  • Don't throw a pail of water over the dog
  • Dry the dog, and place in a cool environment
  • Provide plenty of water to drink

Gastric Torsion ~ MAJOR EMERGENCY

  • Swollen stomach like a drum
  • Contact the vet immediately, and be prepared to transport the dog to the veterinary practice

Foreighn Body (FB) In Mouth Or Throat

  • Need two people if possible
  • One holds the mouth open
  • The other person removes the FB if possible. CAREFULLY
  • Don't put anything down the dog's throat/in the mouth in the attempt to remove the object
  • Stop if the FB is being pushed further down the throat. This will only make the obstruction worse
  • Sometimes when dogs are running after a rubber ball, they may catch it at such a speed that it becomes lodged at the back of the throat. The dogs will be
  • Very Disstressed
  • Choking
  • May even colapse due to lack of Oxygen
  • Try and grasp the ball and pull it forwards
  • Sometimes the rubber ball can be forced back. In a life or death situation you can
  • Lie the dog on its side on a firm surface
  • Apply a sudden downward push on the abdomen with both hands, just behind the last rib
  • The second person should open the dog's mouth and try to grab the ball before it goes back down the throat


  • If possible, leave the dog where it has collapsed, unless it is a dangerous situation, such as on a road
  • Try to make sure the dog doesn't injure itself
  • Turn off any electric or gas fires
  • Move furniture and objects away from the dog
  • Try and keep the dog as quiet and calm as possible
  • Ask onlookers to leave
  • Draw the curtains
  • Switch off the TV, radio or hi-fi
  • Cushions and rugs can be positioned around the dog to protect it
  • Keep the dog's head down, not raised
  • During the fit, interfere with the dog as little as possible
  • If possible, check that the collar is not too tight. If outdoors, do not loosen too much, as the dog may need to be restrained afterwards


  • Bright red spurting blood is coming from an artery
  • Apply a pressure bandage
  • If the blood seeps through the bandage, do not remove it, as this will destroy any clots being formed. Put another one on top
  • Do not use a tourniquet
  • Take to vets Immediatly

Broken Bones

  • Signs of a broken bone are
  • Pain
  • Swelling
  • Unnatural Movement
  • Loss Of Function
  • Deformity
  • Grating/Grinding Noise
  • Restrict Dogs movements if possible
  • Move dog to smaller room if possible such as a bathroom
  • Try to get dog to lie down with fracture uppermost
  • Deal with any severe bleeding before attempting to deal with the fracture
  • Don't attempt to 'set' or 'support' the bone, as you can cause the bone to puncture the skin
  • Wash any piece of bone that has been sheared off and put in a clean container. Take it along to the vet with the dog

Burns And Scalds

  • If the dog is actually on fire, smother the flames with a fire blanket, coat or rug. The dog will be very frightened, and an increased chance it may bite
  • Clean off what has caused the burn if you can, such as oil, barbecue embers
  • Do not clip the hair or apply anything except water
  • Remove any constriction around the burnt area, such as a collar, but do not try and pull away any burnt material from the skin
  • Copiously douse the affected area in water for about ten minutes


  • Dogs are usually good swimmers, but drowning often occurs when the dog becomes too exhausted
  • Wipe away any material, such as thick oil or mud, from the dog's mouth and nose
  • Grasp the dog's thighs, one in each hand, and lift the dog off the ground, upside down
  • Put the dog on the ground after the water has drained from the airways, if possible with the head lower than the rest of the body
    Resuscitate if necessary
  • Dry off and keep warm, but do not stop artificial respiration to do this

Artificial Respiration

Artificial Respiration- for dog's who cannot breathe.

  • Open the mouth and pull the tongue aside to check for an obstruction
  • Make sure that the neck is reasonably straight; try to bring the head in-line with the neck.
    WARNING: Do not hyperextend in cases where neck trauma exists
  • Bring the dog's lips down over the mouth and hold them securely under the chin to prevent air leakage.
  • Create an air funnel to the nose with your free hand or place you mouth directly over their nose.

  • Attempt 2 RESCUE BREATHS if the air flows correctly with ease then there are no obstructions. If there is an obsruction clear before continuing
    • Exhale deeply into the nose every three seconds.

    • ..if still not breathing continue exhalations at 20 breaths per minute

    Chest Compressions
    This is the final steps of CPR to be used in conjuction with Artificial respiration above
    • Make sure that there are no major (pooling/spurting blood) points of bleeding. Control as necessary
    • Lay the animal on its right side
    • Locate your hands where its left elbow touches the chest. Approximately the middle of the rib-cage
    • Compress the chest 15 times followed by 2 rescue breaths (3 compressions every 2 seconds)
    Approximate Depth of Compressions
    1/2" - small dogs
    1" - medium dogs
    1.5" - large dogs
    • Repeat as necessary

just a member
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365 Posts
Thanks for the info Twinkletoes, will be printing out too. Always handy to have this sort of thing to read over every now and then, never hurts to be prepared.

Good links also Kratty. .:thanx:

281 Posts
Discussion Starter · #5 ·
you're welcome .. it took me ages ~ have you ever tried putting in bullet-points with a [LINK] at the begining and a [/LINK] at the end of the sentence ..theres probably an easier way to do it but im known for doing stuff the hard way lol :D

i thought some may find it handy a complete panicker when it comes to an emergency!
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