You might look for an ATTS temperament test. Neutered dogs may take that test, which is similar to the WAE in many ways.Hi, thank you for the great explanation of WAE and link to it, you completely answered my question. I wont need to start a new thread on it...unfortunately my dog is registered with the CKC because he's from both American and European bloodlines. So I guess I'm out of luck my curiosity is to,: if he would defend me on a bad encounter. Oh well I guess I will find out if the situation ever occurs...and hopefully not! thank you very much for your help! Ps: I'm not sure if I'm answering Meadowcat or Ecin. I see both names above. Still new to the site and my side of the forum is still not working properly so thanks to all!